deno.land / x / sheetjs@v0.18.3 / docbits / 82_util.md

Utility Functions

The sheet_to_* functions accept a worksheet and an optional options object.

The *_to_sheet functions accept a data object and an optional options object.

The examples are based on the following worksheet:

XXX| A | B | C | D | E | F | G |
---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
 1 | S | h | e | e | t | J | S |
 2 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 |
 3 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 |

Array of Arrays Input

XLSX.utils.aoa_to_sheet takes an array of arrays of JS values and returns a worksheet resembling the input data. Numbers, Booleans and Strings are stored as the corresponding styles. Dates are stored as date or numbers. Array holes and explicit undefined values are skipped. null values may be stubbed. All other values are stored as strings. The function takes an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
cellDates false Store dates as type d (default is n)
sheetStubs false Create cell objects of type z for null values
nullError false If true, emit #NULL! error cells for null values
Examples (click to show)

To generate the example sheet:

var ws = XLSX.utils.aoa_to_sheet([
  "SheetJS".split(""),
  [1,2,3,4,5,6,7],
  [2,3,4,5,6,7,8]
]);

XLSX.utils.sheet_add_aoa takes an array of arrays of JS values and updates an existing worksheet object. It follows the same process as aoa_to_sheet and accepts an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
cellDates false Store dates as type d (default is n)
sheetStubs false Create cell objects of type z for null values
nullError false If true, emit #NULL! error cells for null values
origin Use specified cell as starting point (see below)

origin is expected to be one of:

origin Description
(cell object) Use specified cell (cell object)
(string) Use specified cell (A1-style cell)
(number >= 0) Start from the first column at specified row (0-indexed)
-1 Append to bottom of worksheet starting on first column
(default) Start from cell A1
Examples (click to show)

Consider the worksheet:

XXX| A | B | C | D | E | F | G |
---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
 1 | S | h | e | e | t | J | S |
 2 | 1 | 2 |   |   | 5 | 6 | 7 |
 3 | 2 | 3 |   |   | 6 | 7 | 8 |
 4 | 3 | 4 |   |   | 7 | 8 | 9 |
 5 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 0 |

This worksheet can be built up in the order A1:G1, A2:B4, E2:G4, A5:G5:

/* Initial row */
var ws = XLSX.utils.aoa_to_sheet([ "SheetJS".split("") ]);

/* Write data starting at A2 */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_aoa(ws, [[1,2], [2,3], [3,4]], {origin: "A2"});

/* Write data starting at E2 */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_aoa(ws, [[5,6,7], [6,7,8], [7,8,9]], {origin:{r:1, c:4}});

/* Append row */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_aoa(ws, [[4,5,6,7,8,9,0]], {origin: -1});

Array of Objects Input

XLSX.utils.json_to_sheet takes an array of objects and returns a worksheet with automatically-generated "headers" based on the keys of the objects. The default column order is determined by the first appearance of the field using Object.keys. The function accepts an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
header Use specified field order (default Object.keys) **
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
cellDates false Store dates as type d (default is n)
skipHeader false If true, do not include header row in output
nullError false If true, emit #NULL! error cells for null values
  • All fields from each row will be written. If header is an array and it does not contain a particular field, the key will be appended to the array.
  • Cell types are deduced from the type of each value. For example, a Date object will generate a Date cell, while a string will generate a Text cell.
  • Null values will be skipped by default. If nullError is true, an error cell corresponding to #NULL! will be written to the worksheet.
Examples (click to show)

The original sheet cannot be reproduced using plain objects since JS object keys must be unique. After replacing the second e and S with e_1 and S_1:

var ws = XLSX.utils.json_to_sheet([
  { S:1, h:2, e:3, e_1:4, t:5, J:6, S_1:7 },
  { S:2, h:3, e:4, e_1:5, t:6, J:7, S_1:8 }
], {header:["S","h","e","e_1","t","J","S_1"]});

Alternatively, the header row can be skipped:

var ws = XLSX.utils.json_to_sheet([
  { A:"S", B:"h", C:"e", D:"e", E:"t", F:"J", G:"S" },
  { A: 1,  B: 2,  C: 3,  D: 4,  E: 5,  F: 6,  G: 7  },
  { A: 2,  B: 3,  C: 4,  D: 5,  E: 6,  F: 7,  G: 8  }
], {header:["A","B","C","D","E","F","G"], skipHeader:true});

XLSX.utils.sheet_add_json takes an array of objects and updates an existing worksheet object. It follows the same process as json_to_sheet and accepts an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
header Use specified column order (default Object.keys)
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
cellDates false Store dates as type d (default is n)
skipHeader false If true, do not include header row in output
nullError false If true, emit #NULL! error cells for null values
origin Use specified cell as starting point (see below)

origin is expected to be one of:

origin Description
(cell object) Use specified cell (cell object)
(string) Use specified cell (A1-style cell)
(number >= 0) Start from the first column at specified row (0-indexed)
-1 Append to bottom of worksheet starting on first column
(default) Start from cell A1
Examples (click to show)

Consider the worksheet:

XXX| A | B | C | D | E | F | G |
---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
 1 | S | h | e | e | t | J | S |
 2 | 1 | 2 |   |   | 5 | 6 | 7 |
 3 | 2 | 3 |   |   | 6 | 7 | 8 |
 4 | 3 | 4 |   |   | 7 | 8 | 9 |
 5 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 0 |

This worksheet can be built up in the order A1:G1, A2:B4, E2:G4, A5:G5:

/* Initial row */
var ws = XLSX.utils.json_to_sheet([
  { A: "S", B: "h", C: "e", D: "e", E: "t", F: "J", G: "S" }
], {header: ["A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G"], skipHeader: true});

/* Write data starting at A2 */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_json(ws, [
  { A: 1, B: 2 }, { A: 2, B: 3 }, { A: 3, B: 4 }
], {skipHeader: true, origin: "A2"});

/* Write data starting at E2 */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_json(ws, [
  { A: 5, B: 6, C: 7 }, { A: 6, B: 7, C: 8 }, { A: 7, B: 8, C: 9 }
], {skipHeader: true, origin: { r: 1, c: 4 }, header: [ "A", "B", "C" ]});

/* Append row */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_json(ws, [
  { A: 4, B: 5, C: 6, D: 7, E: 8, F: 9, G: 0 }
], {header: ["A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G"], skipHeader: true, origin: -1});

HTML Table Input

XLSX.utils.table_to_sheet takes a table DOM element and returns a worksheet resembling the input table. Numbers are parsed. All other data will be stored as strings.

XLSX.utils.table_to_book produces a minimal workbook based on the worksheet.

Both functions accept options arguments:

Option Name Default Description
raw If true, every cell will hold raw strings
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
cellDates false Store dates as type d (default is n)
sheetRows 0 If >0, read the first sheetRows rows of the table
display false If true, hidden rows and cells will not be parsed
Examples (click to show)

To generate the example sheet, start with the HTML table:

<table id="sheetjs">
<tr><td>S</td><td>h</td><td>e</td><td>e</td><td>t</td><td>J</td><td>S</td></tr>
<tr><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5</td><td>6</td><td>7</td></tr>
<tr><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>5</td><td>6</td><td>7</td><td>8</td></tr>
</table>

To process the table:

var tbl = document.getElementById('sheetjs');
var wb = XLSX.utils.table_to_book(tbl);

Note: XLSX.read can handle HTML represented as strings.

XLSX.utils.sheet_add_dom takes a table DOM element and updates an existing worksheet object. It follows the same process as table_to_sheet and accepts an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
raw If true, every cell will hold raw strings
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
cellDates false Store dates as type d (default is n)
sheetRows 0 If >0, read the first sheetRows rows of the table
display false If true, hidden rows and cells will not be parsed

origin is expected to be one of:

origin Description
(cell object) Use specified cell (cell object)
(string) Use specified cell (A1-style cell)
(number >= 0) Start from the first column at specified row (0-indexed)
-1 Append to bottom of worksheet starting on first column
(default) Start from cell A1
Examples (click to show)

A small helper function can create gap rows between tables:

function create_gap_rows(ws, nrows) {
  var ref = XLSX.utils.decode_range(ws["!ref"]);       // get original range
  ref.e.r += nrows;                                    // add to ending row
  ws["!ref"] = XLSX.utils.encode_range(ref);           // reassign row
}

/* first table */
var ws = XLSX.utils.table_to_sheet(document.getElementById('table1'));
create_gap_rows(ws, 1); // one row gap after first table

/* second table */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_dom(ws, document.getElementById('table2'), {origin: -1});
create_gap_rows(ws, 3); // three rows gap after second table

/* third table */
XLSX.utils.sheet_add_dom(ws, document.getElementById('table3'), {origin: -1});

Formulae Output

XLSX.utils.sheet_to_formulae generates an array of commands that represent how a person would enter data into an application. Each entry is of the form A1-cell-address=formula-or-value. String literals are prefixed with a ' in accordance with Excel.

Examples (click to show)

For the example sheet:

> var o = XLSX.utils.sheet_to_formulae(ws);
> [o[0], o[5], o[10], o[15], o[20]];
[ 'A1=\'S', 'F1=\'J', 'D2=4', 'B3=3', 'G3=8' ]

Delimiter-Separated Output

As an alternative to the writeFile CSV type, XLSX.utils.sheet_to_csv also produces CSV output. The function takes an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
FS "," "Field Separator" delimiter between fields
RS "\n" "Record Separator" delimiter between rows
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
strip false Remove trailing field separators in each record **
blankrows true Include blank lines in the CSV output
skipHidden false Skips hidden rows/columns in the CSV output
forceQuotes false Force quotes around fields
  • strip will remove trailing commas from each line under default FS/RS
  • blankrows must be set to false to skip blank lines.
  • Fields containing the record or field separator will automatically be wrapped in double quotes; forceQuotes forces all cells to be wrapped in quotes.
Examples (click to show)

For the example sheet:

> console.log(XLSX.utils.sheet_to_csv(ws));
S,h,e,e,t,J,S
1,2,3,4,5,6,7
2,3,4,5,6,7,8
> console.log(XLSX.utils.sheet_to_csv(ws, {FS:"\t"}));
S    h    e    e    t    J    S
1    2    3    4    5    6    7
2    3    4    5    6    7    8
> console.log(XLSX.utils.sheet_to_csv(ws,{FS:":",RS:"|"}));
S:h:e:e:t:J:S|1:2:3:4:5:6:7|2:3:4:5:6:7:8|

UTF-16 Unicode Text

The txt output type uses the tab character as the field separator. If the codepage library is available (included in full distribution but not core), the output will be encoded in CP1200 and the BOM will be prepended.

XLSX.utils.sheet_to_txt takes the same arguments as sheet_to_csv.

HTML Output

As an alternative to the writeFile HTML type, XLSX.utils.sheet_to_html also produces HTML output. The function takes an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
id Specify the id attribute for the TABLE element
editable false If true, set contenteditable="true" for every TD
header Override header (default html body)
footer Override footer (default /body /html)
Examples (click to show)

For the example sheet:

> console.log(XLSX.utils.sheet_to_html(ws));
// ...

JSON

XLSX.utils.sheet_to_json generates different types of JS objects. The function takes an options argument:

Option Name Default Description
raw true Use raw values (true) or formatted strings (false)
range from WS Override Range (see table below)
header Control output format (see table below)
dateNF FMT 14 Use specified date format in string output
defval Use specified value in place of null or undefined
blankrows ** Include blank lines in the output **
  • raw only affects cells which have a format code (.z) field or a formatted text (.w) field.
  • If header is specified, the first row is considered a data row; if header is not specified, the first row is the header row and not considered data.
  • When header is not specified, the conversion will automatically disambiguate header entries by affixing _ and a count starting at 1. For example, if three columns have header foo the output fields are foo, foo_1, foo_2
  • null values are returned when raw is true but are skipped when false.
  • If defval is not specified, null and undefined values are skipped normally. If specified, all null and undefined points will be filled with defval
  • When header is 1, the default is to generate blank rows. blankrows must be set to false to skip blank rows.
  • When header is not 1, the default is to skip blank rows. blankrows must be true to generate blank rows

range is expected to be one of:

range Description
(number) Use worksheet range but set starting row to the value
(string) Use specified range (A1-style bounded range string)
(default) Use worksheet range (ws['!ref'])

header is expected to be one of:

header Description
1 Generate an array of arrays ("2D Array")
"A" Row object keys are literal column labels
array of strings Use specified strings as keys in row objects
(default) Read and disambiguate first row as keys

If header is not 1, the row object will contain the non-enumerable property __rowNum__ that represents the row of the sheet corresponding to the entry.

Examples (click to show)

For the example sheet:

> XLSX.utils.sheet_to_json(ws);
[ { S: 1, h: 2, e: 3, e_1: 4, t: 5, J: 6, S_1: 7 },
  { S: 2, h: 3, e: 4, e_1: 5, t: 6, J: 7, S_1: 8 } ]

> XLSX.utils.sheet_to_json(ws, {header:"A"});
[ { A: 'S', B: 'h', C: 'e', D: 'e', E: 't', F: 'J', G: 'S' },
  { A: '1', B: '2', C: '3', D: '4', E: '5', F: '6', G: '7' },
  { A: '2', B: '3', C: '4', D: '5', E: '6', F: '7', G: '8' } ]

> XLSX.utils.sheet_to_json(ws, {header:["A","E","I","O","U","6","9"]});
[ { '6': 'J', '9': 'S', A: 'S', E: 'h', I: 'e', O: 'e', U: 't' },
  { '6': '6', '9': '7', A: '1', E: '2', I: '3', O: '4', U: '5' },
  { '6': '7', '9': '8', A: '2', E: '3', I: '4', O: '5', U: '6' } ]

> XLSX.utils.sheet_to_json(ws, {header:1});
[ [ 'S', 'h', 'e', 'e', 't', 'J', 'S' ],
  [ '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7' ],
  [ '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8' ] ]

Example showing the effect of raw:

> ws['A2'].w = "3";                          // set A2 formatted string value

> XLSX.utils.sheet_to_json(ws, {header:1, raw:false});
[ [ 'S', 'h', 'e', 'e', 't', 'J', 'S' ],
  [ '3', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7' ],     // <-- A2 uses the formatted string
  [ '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8' ] ]

> XLSX.utils.sheet_to_json(ws, {header:1});
[ [ 'S', 'h', 'e', 'e', 't', 'J', 'S' ],
  [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ],                   // <-- A2 uses the raw value
  [ 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ] ]
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Tagged at
11 months ago